Department of Criminal Justice

CJ Courses

CJ 201. Introduction to Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

Survey of 21st Century US Criminal Justice including law, law making and court decisions, law enforcement, courts and prosecution, corrections, juvenile justice, and interface with Homeland Security, FEMA, private security, and contract justice services, and international criminal justice.

CJ 226. Introduction to Criminal Investigation. 3 Hours.

This course provides a broad examination of the basic principles involved in conducting a criminal investigation. Specifically, the students in this course learn about the general modus operandi of different types of criminals in committing; violent crimes, property crimes, organized crimes, sex crimes, cybercrimes, and several others in addition to gaining knowledge and skills to carry out basic processes of investigating these crimes. Furthermore, the course explores issues like reporting and documenting crimes and crime scenes, forensic examinations, interrogation and intelligence as well as carrying out searches. Prerequisite:CJ 201.

CJ 227. Crimes Against Children. 3 Hours.

This course explores child abuse and neglect as major types of crimes committed against children. Considering the fact that processing these types of crimes requires a set of specific knowledge and skills, this course primarily intends to teach students about the methods of identifying victims, mandatory reporting requirements, techniques of investigation and interviewing children. In addition, this course intends to provide students a broader perspective on understanding the social and individual dynamics of these types of crimes as well as potential policies and programs to prevent them. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 229. Interviewing and Interrogation. 3 Hours.

This course aims to help students to gain a set of essential knowledge and skills to carry out interviews and interrogation for investigative and legal purposes as used in law enforcement, probation, corrections, juvenile justice, homeland security, and in other areas of application. Specifically, it covers crucial interpersonal communication skills as well as methods and techniques for understanding the psychological, ethical, and legal aspects of obtaining information from subjects. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 299. Special Topics. 1-8 Hour.

Independent investigations of topics of special interest related to criminal justice. Topics may vary to reflect contemporary criminal justice issues. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 300. Policing. 3 Hours.

The broader objective of this course is to help students to gain knowledge and develop an intellectual perspective on the structure, role and organization of policing in a democratic, multi-cultural, postmodern society. Specifically, the course examines the philosophical, social, legal and political aspects of law enforcement as well as current and future trends, research, and practices that are developed for its overall functions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 302. Use of Force in Policing. 3 Hours.

This course will examine the origins of police use of force to include a review of case law and department policy involving the various use of force levels by law enforcement. Students will research and review specific instances where the use of force by law enforcement have occurred. The course will include an examination of the subculture of policing and the situational factors affecting an officer's use of force and as a victim of violence. The course will review of the investigatory and judicial process after a law enforcement use of force incident and the statistical information involving the use of force by law enforcement. Prerequisite: Introduction to Criminal Justice (CJ 201).

CJ 320. Community Corrections. 3 Hours.

This class is intended to provide an analysis of probation, parole, and intermediate punishments. The course includes a brief overview of the history of community corrections in the United States. It is designed to familiarize students with the most recent developments in community-based corrections, including implementation, management, effectiveness, and challenges. It provides detailed descriptions of alternatives to incarceration, assumptions underlying programs, and outcome studies. A significant amount of discussion and in-depth analyses will include topics of probation, parole, community corrections officers, treatment, offender assessment, and intermediate punishments. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 330. Criminological Theory. 3 Hours.

This course intends to help students to gain an intellectual perspective on the nature of criminal behavior through which a comprehensive understanding regarding the existing and potential practices of the criminal justice system can be developed. This course examines positivist and classical perspectives of criminological theory regarding why people are committing crimes. More specifically, it explores legal, biological, social and psychological correlates of criminal behavior. Prerequisite:CJ 201.

CJ 332. Restorative Justice. 3 Hours.

A different approach to discipline, restorative justice, focuses on restoring the offender, victim, and the community. This class will examine the history of restorative justice, restorative justice programs for adult and juvenile offenders, effectiveness of its use, and offender populations most commonly selected for restorative justice inventions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 340. Juvenile Justice System. 3 Hours.

Illustrated major components of juvenile justice system, including arrest, intake, adjudication, and disposition of juvenile offenders; examines transfer process for treating juveniles as adults; describes landmark legal cases extending rights to juveniles; examines juveniles court organization as an adversarial system; treatment of contemporary juvenile justice issues, including death penalty for juveniles and deinstitutionalization of status offenders. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 344. Media, Internet and Crime. 3 Hours.

Media, Internet, and Crime will prepare students to understand how mass media presents crime, criminals, and the American criminal justice system with respect to policing, courts, and corrections. The focus of this course will look at the historical evolution of media (sound, print, visual, comic books, film, television, video games, recorders) and the impact of the computer and the internet in the 21st century as it applies to dissemination of crime-related information. This course will attempt to dispel common misconceptions about the mass media's effects on crime and justice. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 345. Policy Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

Assessment of the development, efficacy, and politics of criminal justice policy. Emphasis on analyzing the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of criminal justice policy. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 348. Legal & Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course explores a wide range of legal philosophies and ethical issues in decision making and agency operations. Included are conflict in standards, decision making and operational priorities during routine and crises situations, professionalism in recognizing and dealing with questionable behavior of individuals, and the consequences of failing to deal effectively with them. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 362. Gender Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course will look at the constantly evolving gendered nature of crime, criminal justice theory, policy and practice and emerging legal doctrines about privacy and sexual rights. Key themes will include gender differences in criminal behavior, criminal victimization, criminal processing and law progression. In addition, the discussion of evolution of gender employment in the Criminal justice system will be included.Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 364. Cybercrimes. 3 Hours.

Cyber world is a recent context where many crime-related activities are going on at an incredible phase in different formats. The major objective of this course is to prepare students for their future careers in the field of criminal justice or related areas by providing essential knowledge with the major concepts, trends and issues in regards to the crimes committed in this very context. This course will be a general survey of the topic where the following areas will be covered during the course; - Computer as target (access offenses, interception of data, etc.) - Fraud and related issues on cyberworld - Content-related offenses (pornography, gambling, etc.) - Offenses against the person (harassment, etc.) - Major principles and procedures in the investigation of cybercrimes - Legal and jurisdictional matters. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 366. International Crime. 3 Hours.

This course is an introduction to international crime and international criminal justice. Issues discussed include topics like globalization and globalized crime, international criminal law, international and transnational crimes, contemporary slavery, human smuggling and human trafficking. The course's goals should be viewed in the context of the phenomenon of globalization. An increasing number of people hold the view that because of globalization we cannot afford to ignore what happens in the world outside of the United States, and that knowledge of other cultures - including cultures of law and legal systems - is absolutely crucial in order to be able to meaningfully and respectfully interact with other nations of the world. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 368. Campus Crime. 3 Hours.

This course will give students a comprehensive understanding of campus crime and victimization. Special attention will be given to understating the scope of the crime problem nationally and within North Dakota with a focus on victims of sexual assault. The course will also actively research intervention strategies, prevention policies, and the role of the Clery Act, Title IX, and student responses to the problem. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 375. Gangs. 3 Hours.

Explores gang phenomena in U.S.; concentrates in recent research about formation and gang related violence including the various criminological theories that explain the social, economic, political, and environmental reasons for the rise of gangs in various American urban centers. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 380. Corrections. 3 Hours.

Examines institutionalization of convicted offenders; describes jails and prisons; investigates issues including privatization of prison operations, inmate rights; correctional officer duties/training/ responsibilities are described; examines post-institutionalization experiences of released inmates in community programs; examines classification systems used to determine one's level of custody; describes different types of prisons/jails and their functions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 381. Institutional Corrections. 3 Hours.

This course will examine the various issues in prisons and jails in the U.S. Past and current literature will be discussed regarding institutional corrections and participants in prisons and jails, including inmates, officers, and administrators. The explored issues include the purposes of incarceration, differences between jails and prisons, adaptation to life in prison for inmates, differences between male and female inmate experiences, correctional officers, prison violence, relationships in prison, and prisoners' rights. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 382. Correctional Rehabilitation. 3 Hours.

Various issues related to the implementation and effectiveness of correctional treatment approaches and programs will be presented in this course. This course will cover specific correctional programs, the risk/needs/responsivity model for effective correctional programming, the history regarding the goals of corrections, the research on whether correctional programs are reducing crime, and the most common targets for correctional interventions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 383. Offender Risk Assessment and Typology. 3 Hours.

Almost all correctional settings, institutional or community-based, rely on offender assessment to guide practices with offenders. This class will provide a hands-on approach to conducting numerous actuarial risk assessments commonly used in correctional practice, such as the Level of Service Inventory- Revised (LSI-R). It will also discuss the barriers of offender typology in actuarial risk assessments including sexual offenders, drug offenders, and female offenders. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 384. Special Correctional Populations. 3 Hours.

This course provides an introduction to special correctional populations including: sexual offenders, drug offenders, female offenders, those with mental illness, those with learning disabilities, and others. Various definitions of these offenders will be examined as well as the theories behind their criminal behavior. Appropriate assessment, placement, and treatment of special correctional populations will guide the course. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 385. Terrorism & Homeland Security. 3 Hours.

This course has two major components: It, first, explores terrorism from an international and national perspective; examines the social, political, and cultural reasons for terrorism. In addition, the students learn about different types of terror and terrorist organizations existing in different countries and regions around the world. The second part of this course is dedicated to an exploration of homeland security. In this part of the course, the students learn about what constitutes homeland security as a concept as well as the practical operations and the history and legal foundations of the agencies responsible for maintaining homeland security. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 386. Juvenile Corrections. 3 Hours.

This course includes an examination of the history of ideas about and responses to juvenile delinquency. The course will also evaluate the scope and nature of juvenile delinquency historically and today. Explanations of the different patterns of offending and types of offending of juvenile delinquents as well as effective correctional practices will be examined. Finally, the course will devote a significant amount of time critiquing the responses of various parts of the juvenile justice system including probation officers, as well as responses by other social institutions such as the family, community, and schools. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 387. Punishment-From Corporal to Capital. 3 Hours.

Capital punishment is a controversial topic within the field of criminal justice. This course will provide students with the opportunity to get acquainted with the history of capital punishment; introduce the social and political perspectives that surround punishment; explore methods and costs of capital executions and other means of punishment such as prisons; review moral, ethical and political arguments related to the use of punishment; and examine the implications of using the death penalty as a form of punishment. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 390. Criminal Justice in Indian Country. 3 Hours.

Course examines historical and contemporary issues of crime, delinquency, justice, and public safety on American Indian Reservations and Alaskan Native Villages in the US. Specific focus will be given tribal justice systems; tribal interactions with Federal Justice Organizations (FBI, Federal Courts and Probation, Federal Bureau of Prisons), as well as tribal interface with local/county/state police, courts and corrections in 280 states such as ND. Tribal law and order reforms under PL 111-211 are examined along with reform policies for dealing with domestic violence, substance abuse, and gang violence. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 394. Independent Study General CJ. 1-6 Hour.

Intensive study of sustantive interest areas of students; major literature review leading to analytical paper; topics chosen collaboratively by student and instructor/advisor. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

CJ 395. Victims & Victimology. 3 Hours.

The course provides a student's overview of the characteristics and trends of victims in a variety of settings, and the criminal justice system's perception and response to these individuals. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 401. Administration of Criminal Justice Systems. 3 Hours.

This course is an overview of organizational theory as it applies to the administration of Criminal Justice agencies. It explores the nature of criminal justice organizations, individual and group behavior in these organizations as well as managerial processes carried out in these organizations. The topics included in this course covers, but not limited with, leadership, motivation, communication, evaluation, socialization, conflict, decision making, organizational change and effectiveness. Prerequisite:CJ 201.

CJ 402. Management Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course examines organizational management problems and issues that impact the American justice organizations including police, courts, corrections, and juvenile justice. The course addresses organizational theories of administration and management and how these can be applied to contemporary criminal justice management issues. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 420. Homeland Security Advance. 3 Hours.

This course builds on a student's knowledge about the American Criminal Justice System and its relation to Homeland Security. Course examines Homeland Security's history, legal foundation, national infrastructure and interface with criminal justice. Specific focus is given: intelligence and counterintelligence, weapons of mass destruction, cyber-crime, organized crime, domestic and border security, and immigration issues. Incident command and control systems, adopted in 2012 are discussed. Students completing the course satisfactorily may wish to obtain FEMA certificates. Prerequisite: CJ 201 or consent of Department.

CJ 450. White-Collar Crime. 3 Hours.

Categories of job offending are analyzed through criminological theory, law, and the criminal and regulatory justice systems, including corporate crime, professional crime, individual crime, and crime by state workers. Traditional and novel strategies for the social control of these offenses are also presented. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 480. Research Methods in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course covers methods of social science research as they are commonly employed in the field of criminal justice. The students will gain a fine understanding of how a research project can be designed and applied to actual problems / issues of the criminal justice system as well as how the existing research reports and findings should be interpreted for a better understanding of the criminal justice policies and practices. At the end of the course, the students will be exposed to theory and practice of qualitative, quantitate and mixed methods of social research as well as reporting the findings in a scholarly and professional format.Prerequisites: CJ 201 and CJ 330.

CJ 481. Data Analysis Strategies in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course examines fundamentals of descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of various types of data used within criminal justice. Specifically, this course explores the appropriate use of data, the limits of various methods, how data is collected and organized, and how to interpret and report findings from the statistical analysis. The students will be exposed to, at least, one of the most commonly used statistical analyses software and gain practical experience in carrying out essential statistical analyses through this software. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 491. Senior Seminar. 3 Hours.

Integration of program outcomes with application of knowledge, values, and skills necessary for field entry, value and ethical considerations, and the development and implementation of future career objectives. Provides application of core courses, provides students with current developments in key core areas. Prerequisites: CJ 201, criminal justice major, senior status and must have completed all CJ core courses.

CJ 494. Directed Criminal Justice Research. 1-8 Hour.

This course provides an opportunity for students to carry out an independent research project in their area of interest within the field of criminology and criminal justice. The students will practically design their own research project in consultation with the instructor and implement appropriate research method under the guidance and supervision of the instructor. The overall purpose of the course is to help students to gain practical experience of identifying a research problem, designing a research project accordingly and carrying out this project. The students will, eventually, be expected to report the results of this project as a publication and an oral presentation to a group of audience.

CJ 497. Field Experience. 1-6 Hour.

Students practicum in a criminal justice or related agency; course may be repeated in either the same or different agency; designed to enhance these experiences, supplementary readings and written assignments are required. Prerequisites: CJ 201 or consent of instructor; all core requirements must be completed before enrolling; may be repeated once for 3 credit hours.

CJ 499. Special Topics Criminal Justice. 1-8 Hour.

Specialized topics offered as regular classes; topics vary depending upon student and faculty interest. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

LEGL Courses

LEGL 322. Criminal Law. 3 Hours.

A critical examination of the development and function of western criminal law; analyzes current definitions of criminal acts and omissions, defenses, and justifications in the social and legal society of the United States. Prerequisite: Student must complete CJ 201 before enrolling in this class.

LEGL 350. Criminal Procedure. 3 Hours.

This course is designed to expose students to the rules and procedures in which criminal prosecutions are governed. The course begins with examining the rules and procedures of police investigations and continues throughout the process of the criminal justice process. Examples of questions that criminal procedures addresses are: When can a police officer conduct a search of a home? When can a probation officer enter probation's home without notice? Students will also examine the historical foundation of these rules and procedures. Prerequisite: Student must complete CJ 201 before enrolling in this class.

LEGL 365. Law & Society. 3 Hours.

Examination of the various perspectives on th development and implementation of law and assessment of the various facets of law in action. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

LEGL 370. Court Processing and Sentencing. 3 Hours.

Provides students with a comprehensive analysis of the U.S. court system; the function of state and federal district, appellate, and supreme courts is reviewed; students are introduced to the influence of extra-legal factors and their differential impact on offender processing; contemporary criminal justice issues facing the court system are also examined. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

LEGL 372. Juries. 3 Hours.

The primary objective of this course is to offer students a comprehensive, critical analysis of the jury system in the United States. A few of the issues to be examined are: jury selection and service, jury nullification, jury decision-making, information processing, juries and tort awards, and juror competence. A special emphasis will focus on the capital jury process and decision-making. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

LEGL 374. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. 3 Hours.

This course is designed to provide students with an depth study of international criminal justice and legal traditions and systems. Students will be complete critique of the differences and similarities among various international criminal justice and U.S. justice and legal systems. Prerequisite: CJ 201.


Criminal Justice Faculty

Maria Buchholz-Kerzmann, Ph.D
Assistant Professor

Wojciech Cebulak, Ph.D

Gary Rabe, Ph.D

Melissa Spelchen
Assistant Professor

Michael Wardzinski