2017-18 Undergraduate and Graduate Catalogs

Department of Criminal Justice

Dr. Gary Rabe

Criminal Justice Mission Statement

The mission of the Department of Criminal Justice at Minot State University is to: (1) Prepare students for entry- and mid-level positions in the field related to Criminal Justice including law enforcement, courts, and corrections; (2) provide students with academic, philosophical, and practical exposure to functions, practices, and issues in fields related to criminal justice; and (3) provide a criminal justice degree opportunity to students off-campus through continuing education courses at Minot Air Force Base and Bismarck State College.

Articulation Agreement - Lake Region State College

Minot State University has the following Articulation Agreement for MSU students to attend one semester at Lake Region State College to enroll in their courses to complete the North Dakota Peace Officers Training Certificate. This agreement indicates how the LRSC credits will be applied to the MSU Criminal Justice bachelor’s degree.

Articulation Agreement – POTP (Peace Officer Training Program)

Minot State University Criminal Justice Department and Lake Region State College POST Program have formed a partnership to allow an entering freshman student who is majoring in Criminal Justice and who follows the suggested program of study to graduate in four years with both a Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice and be certified by the POST.

POST training is open to Minot State University Criminal Justice majors during the spring of their senior year. Students must make application to the Lake Region POST Program, meet physical and other requirements including a criminal background check. Following the suggested program of Criminal Justice study at Minot State University does not guarantee acceptance into the POST Program.

For more information contact the Criminal Justice Department at Minot State University. Curriculum requirements are posted on the Criminal Justice website at http://www.minotstateu.edu/cj/

Articulation Agreement – Fish and Wildlife Management

Minot State University, Dakota College at Bottineau, and Turtle Mountain Community College at Belcourt have a partnership agreement that creates a unique focus within a criminal justice degree. Through this agreement students complete the two year Associate Degree in Fish and Wildlife Management at Dakota College in Bottineau and basic criminal justice courses at Turtle Mountain Community College. Then, students transfer to Minot State University as juniors, where they will complete advanced courses in criminal justice, crimes against wildlife, and fulfill remaining degree requirements leading to a Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice.

Students interested in completing this Program should contact the Criminal Justice Department at Minot State University or the Fish and Wildlife Management Program at Dakota College. Curriculum requirements are posted on the Criminal Justice Department website at http://www.minotstateu.edu/cj/.

Bachelor of Science with a Major in Criminal Justice

General Education
General Education Courses38-40
Required Criminal Justice Core Courses
No substitutions; equivalent courses from other universities may be counted with advisor and department chair approval.
CJ 201Introduction to Criminal Justice3
CJ 300Policing3
CJ 322Criminal Law3
CJ 330Criminological Theory3
CJ 340Juvenile Justice System3
CJ 370Court Processing and Sentencing3
CJ 380Corrections3
CJ 491Senior Seminar3
Required Criminal Justice Elective Courses
Choose from any combination of the following; no substitutions; equivalent courses from other universities may be counted with advisor and department chair approval.
Select seven of the following:21
Introduction to Criminal Investigation
Crimes Against Children
Interviewing and Interrogation
Special Topics
Use of Force in Policing
Community Corrections
Restorative Justice
Media, Internet and Crime
Policy Issues in Criminal Justice
Legal & Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice
Criminal Procedure
Gender Issues in Criminal Justice
Law & Society
International Crime
Campus Crime
Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
Institutional Corrections
Correctional Rehabilitation
Offender Risk Assessment and Typology
Special Correctional Populations
Terrorism & Homeland Security
Juvenile Corrections
Punishment-From Corporal to Capital
Criminal Justice in Indian Country
Independent Study General CJ 1
Victims & Victimology
Administration of Criminal Justice Systems
Management Issues in Criminal Justice
White-Collar Crime
Research Methods in Criminal Justice
Data Analysis Strategies in Criminal Justice
Directed Criminal Justice Research
Field Experience
Special Topics Criminal Justice
Elective Courses37
Total Hours120-122

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.


Criminal Justice Minor

CJ 201Introduction to Criminal Justice3
CJ 300Policing3
CJ 322Criminal Law3
CJ 330Criminological Theory3
CJ 340Juvenile Justice System3
CJ 370Court Processing and Sentencing3
CJ 380Corrections3
Total Hours21

Police Management and Investigations Minor

CJ 226Introduction to Criminal Investigation3
CJ 227Crimes Against Children3
CJ 229Interviewing and Interrogation3
CJ 300Policing3
CJ 302Use of Force in Policing3
CJ 401Administration of Criminal Justice Systems3
CJ 402Management Issues in Criminal Justice3
Total Hours21

Law and Legal Studies Minor

CJ 322Criminal Law3
CJ 350Criminal Procedure3
CJ 365Law & Society3
CJ 370Court Processing and Sentencing3
CJ 372Juries3
CJ 374Comparative Criminal Justice Systems3
CJ 497Field Experience (must be related to minor)3
Total Hours21

Offenders, Risk Assessment and Corrections Minor

CJ 320Community Corrections3
CJ 380Corrections3
CJ 382Correctional Rehabilitation3
CJ 383Offender Risk Assessment and Typology3
CJ 387Punishment-From Corporal to Capital3
Choose 2 of the 3 Following Classes6
Institutional Corrections
Special Correctional Populations
Juvenile Corrections
Total Hours21

Criminal Justice Research and Policy Evaluation Concentration

CJ 345Policy Issues in Criminal Justice3
CJ 480Research Methods in Criminal Justice3
CJ 481Data Analysis Strategies in Criminal Justice3
CJ 494Directed Criminal Justice Research3


CJ 201. Introduction to Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

Survey of 21st Century US Criminal Justice including law, law making and court decisions, law enforcement, courts and prosecution, corrections, juvenile justice, and interface with Homeland Security, FEMA, private security, and contract justice services, and international criminal justice. Prerequisite for CJ 322, 300, 340, 370, 380, and 491. Recommended for all other CJ courses.

CJ 226. Introduction to Criminal Investigation. 3 Hours.

This course provides a broad examination of the basic principles involved in conducting a criminal investigation. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 227. Crimes Against Children. 3 Hours.

This course will explore the recognized physical, emotional, and behavioral indicators of abuse and mistreatment of children and adolescents, and the factors and conditions which can influence their adult offenders. Potential intervention approaches will be examined regarding their suitability and desired outcomes while regarding the family relationship.

CJ 229. Interviewing and Interrogation. 3 Hours.

Examination of interviewing and interrogation knowledge, principles, interpersonal skills, methods and techniques for understanding the psychological, ethical, and legal aspects of obtaining information from subjects. Course provides the fundamentals used in law enforcement, probation, corrections, juvenile justice, and homeland security, as well as in other areas of application.

CJ 299. Special Topics. 1-8 Hour.

Independent investigations of topics of special interest related to criminal justice. Topics may vary to reflect contemporary criminal justice issues. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 300. Policing. 3 Hours.

An historical examination of the evolution of the role of police in Western culture; included are the philosophical, social, legal, political, educational, and religious influences on the purpose of police power of the state; examines current and future trends, research, and pratices that are developed for the policing function; discusses the social and individual effectd of police work in Western society. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 302. Use of Force in Policing. 3 Hours.

This course will examine the origins of police use of force to include a review of case law and department policy involving the various use of force levels by law enforcement. Students will research and review specific instances where the use of force by law enforcement have occurred. The course will include an examination of the subculture of policing and the situational factors affecting an officer's use of force and as a victim of violence. The course will review of the investigatory and judicial process after a law enforcement use of force incident and the statistical information involving the use of force by law enforcement. Prerequisite: Introduction to Criminal Justice (CJ 201).

CJ 320. Community Corrections. 3 Hours.

This class is intended to provide an analysis of probation, parole, and intermediate punishments. The course includes a brief overview of the history of community corrections in the United States. It is designed to familiarize students with the most recent developments in community-based corrections, including implementation, management, effectiveness, and challenges. It provides detailed descriptions of alternatives to incarceration, assumptions underlying programs, and outcome studies. A significant amount of discussion and in-depth analyses will include topics of probation, parole, community corrections officers, treatment, offender assessment, and intermediate punishments. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 322. Criminal Law. 3 Hours.

A critical examination of the development and function of western criminal law; analyzes current definitions of criminal acts and omissions, defenses, and justifications in the social and legal society of the United States. Prerequisite: Student must complete CJ 201 before enrolling in this class.

CJ 330. Criminological Theory. 3 Hours.

Provides an examination of the majot criminological schools ot thought as well as the prominent theorists within each school; theories are presented that examine criminal motivation and the application of criminal law; additionally, the implicit theoretical assumptions regarding the punishment of offenders is examined. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 332. Restorative Justice. 3 Hours.

A different approach to discipline, restorative justice, focuses on restoring the offender, victim, and the community. This class will examine the history of restorative justice, restorative justice programs for adult and juvenile offenders, effectiveness of its use, and offender populations most commonly selected for restorative justice inventions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 335. -Private Security and Private Justice Organizations. 3 Hours.

- Course inactivated 02/16/2017. This course introduces the areas of Private Security, Loss Prevention, Corporate Technology Security, Contract-based Private Sector Criminal Justice Organizations and their relationship to traditional components of American Criminal Justice and Homeland Security. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 340. Juvenile Justice System. 3 Hours.

Illustrated major components of juvenile justice system, including arrest, intake, adjudication, and disposition of juvenile offenders; examines transfer process for treating juveniles as adults; describes landmark legal cases extending rights to juveniles; examines juveniles court organization as an adversarial system; treatment of contemporary juvenile justice issues, including death penalty for juveniles and deinstitutionalization of status offenders. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 344. Media, Internet and Crime. 3 Hours.

Media, Internet, and Crime will prepare students to understand how mass media presents crime, criminals, and the American criminal justice system with respect to policing, courts, and corrections. The focus of this course will look at the historical evolution of media (sound, print, visual, comic books, film, television, video games, recorders) and the impact of the computer and the internet in the 21st century as it applies to dissemination of crime-related information. This course will attempt to dispel common misconceptions about the mass media's effects on crime and justice. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 345. Policy Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

Assessment of the development, efficacy, and politics of criminal justice policy. Emphasis on analyzing the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of criminal justice policy. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 348. Legal & Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course explores a wide range of legal philosophies and ethical issues in decision making and agency operations. Included are conflict in standards, decision making and operational priorities during routine and crises situations, professionalism in recognizing and dealing with questionable behavior of individuals, and the consequences of failing to deal effectively with them. Recommended: 201.

CJ 350. Criminal Procedure. 3 Hours.

This course is designed to expose students to the rules and procedures in which criminal prosecutions are governed. The course begins with examining the rules and procedures of police investigations and continues throughout the process of the criminal justice process. Examples of questions that criminal procedures addresses are: When can a police officer conduct a search of a home? When can a probation officer enter probation's home without notice? Students will also examine the historical foundation of these rules and procedures. Prerequisite: Student must complete CJ 201 before enrolling in this class.

CJ 362. Gender Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course will look at the constantly evolving gendered nature of crime, criminal justice theory, policy and practice and emerging legal doctrines about privacy and sexual rights. Key themes will include gender differences in criminal behavior, criminal victimization, criminal processing and law progression. In addition, the discussion of evolution of gender employment in the Criminal justice system will be included.Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 364. Cybercrime. 3 Hours.

Cyber world is a recent context where many crime-related activities are going on at an incredible phase in different formats. The major objective of this course is to prepare students for their future careers in the field of criminal justice or related areas by providing essential knowledge with the major concepts, trends and issues in regards to the crimes committed in this very context. This course will be a general survey of the topic where the following areas will be covered during the course; - Computer as target (access offenses, interception of data, etc.) - Fraud and related issues on cyberworld - Content-related offenses (pornography, gambling, etc.) - Offenses against the person (harassment, etc.) - Major principles and procedures in the investigation of cybercrimes - Legal and jurisdictional matters. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 365. Law & Society. 3 Hours.

Examination of the various perspectives on th development and implementation of law and assessment of the various facets of law in action. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 366. International Crime. 3 Hours.

This course is an introduction to international crime and international criminal justice. Issues discussed include topics like globalization and globalized crime, international criminal law, international and transnational crimes, contemporary slavery, human smuggling and human trafficking. The course's goals should be viewed in the context of the phenomenon of globalization. An increasing number of people hold the view that because of globalization we cannot afford to ignore what happens in the world outside of the United States, and that knowledge of other cultures - including cultures of law and legal systems - is absolutely crucial in order to be able to meaningfully and respectfully interact with other nations of the world. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 368. Campus Crime. 3 Hours.

This course will give students a comprehensive understanding of campus crime and victimization. Special attention will be given to understating the scope of the crime problem nationally and within North Dakota with a focus on victims of sexual assault. The course will also actively research intervention strategies, prevention policies, and the role of the Clery Act, Title IX, and student responses to the problem.

CJ 370. Court Processing and Sentencing. 3 Hours.

Provides students with a comprehensive analysis of the U.S. court system; the function of state and federal district, appellate, and supreme courts is reviewed; students are introduced to the influence of extra-legal factors and their differential impact on offender processing; contemporary criminal justice issues facing the court system are also examined. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 372. Juries. 3 Hours.

The primary objective of this course is to offer students a comprehensive, critical analysis of the jury system in the United States. A few of the issues to be examined are: jury selection and service, jury nullification, jury decision-making, information processing, juries and tort awards, and juror competence. A special emphasis will focus on the capital jury process and decision-making. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 374. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. 3 Hours.

This course is designed to provide students with an depth study of international criminal justice and legal traditions and systems. Students will be complete critique of the differences and similarities among various international criminal justice and U.S. justice and legal systems. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 375. Gangs. 3 Hours.

Explores gang phenomena in U.S.; concentrates in recent research about formation and gang related violence including the various criminological theories that explain the social, economic, political, and environmental reasons for the rise of gangs in various American urban centers. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 380. Corrections. 3 Hours.

Examines institutionalization of convicted offenders; describes jails and prisons; investigates issues including privatization of prison operations, inmate rights; correctional officer duties/training/ responsibilities are described; examines post-institutionalization experiences of released inmates in community programs; examines classification systems used to determine one's level of custody; describes different types of prisons/jails and their functions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 381. Institutional Corrections. 3 Hours.

This course will examine the various issues in prisons and jails in the U.S. Past and current literature will be discussed regarding institutional corrections and participants in prisons and jails, including inmates, officers, and administrators. The explored issues include the purposes of incarceration, differences between jails and prisons, adaptation to life in prison for inmates, differences between male and female inmate experiences, correctional officers, prison violence, relationships in prison, and prisoners' rights. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 382. Correctional Rehabilitation. 3 Hours.

Various issues related to the implementation and effectiveness of correctional treatment approaches and programs will be presented in this course. This course will cover specific correctional programs, the risk/needs/responsivity model for effective correctional programming, the history regarding the goals of corrections, the research on whether correctional programs are reducing crime, and the most common targets for correctional interventions. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 383. Offender Risk Assessment and Typology. 3 Hours.

Almost all correctional settings, institutional or community-based, rely on offender assessment to guide practices with offenders. This class will provide a hands-on approach to conducting numerous actuarial risk assessments commonly used in correctional practice, such as the Level of Service Inventory- Revised (LSI-R). It will also discuss the barriers of offender typology in actuarial risk assessments including sexual offenders, drug offenders, and female offenders. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 384. Special Correctional Populations. 3 Hours.

This course provides an introduction to special correctional populations including: sexual offenders, drug offenders, female offenders, those with mental illness, those with learning disabilities, and others. Various definitions of these offenders will be examined as well as the theories behind their criminal behavior. Appropriate assessment, placement, and treatment of special correctional populations will guide the course. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 385. Terrorism & Homeland Security. 3 Hours.

Explores terrorism from an international and national perspective; examines the social, political, and cultural reasons for terrorism including the Department of Homeland Security's response to terrorism in the U.S. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 386. Juvenile Corrections. 3 Hours.

This course includes an examination of the history of ideas about and responses to juvenile delinquency. The course will also evaluate the scope and nature of juvenile delinquency historically and today. Explanations of the different patterns of offending and types of offending of juvenile delinquents as well as effective correctional practices will be examined. Finally, the course will devote a significant amount of time critiquing the responses of various parts of the juvenile justice system including probation officers, as well as responses by other social institutions such as the family, community, and schools. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 387. Punishment-From Corporal to Capital. 3 Hours.

Capital punishment is a controversial topic within the field of criminal justice. This course will provide students with the opportunity to get acquainted with the history of capital punishment; introduce the social and political perspectives that surround punishment; explore methods and costs of capital executions and other means of punishment such as prisons; review moral, ethical and political arguments related to the use of punishment; and examine the implications of using the death penalty as a form of punishment. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 390. Criminal Justice in Indian Country. 3 Hours.

Course examines historical and contemporary issues of crime, delinquency, justice, and public safety on American Indian Reservations and Alaskan Native Villages in the US. Specific focus will be given tribal justice systems; tribal interactions with Federal Justice Organizations (FBI, Federal Courts and Probation, Federal Bureau of Prisons), as well as tribal interface with local/county/state police, courts and corrections in 280 states such as ND. Tribal law and order reforms under PL 111-211 are examined along with reform policies for dealing with domestic violence, substance abuse, and gang violence. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 394. Independent Study General CJ. 1-6 Hour.

Intensive study of sustantive interest areas of students; major literature review leading to analytical paper; topics chosen collaboratively by student and instructor/advisor. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

CJ 395. Victims & Victimology. 3 Hours.

The course provides a student's overview of the characteristics and trends of victims in a variety of settings, and the criminal justice system's perception and response to these individuals. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 401. Administration of Criminal Justice Systems. 3 Hours.

Overview of organizational theory as it applies to the administration of Criminal Justice agencies. Emphasis on criminal justice management theory and policy development. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 402. Management Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course examines organizational management problems and issues that impact the American justice organizations including police, courts, corrections, and juvenile justice. The course addresses organizational theories of administration and management and how these can be applied to contemporary criminal justice management issues. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 420. Homeland Security Advance. 3 Hours.

This course builds on a student's knowledge about the American Criminal Justice System and its relation to Homeland Security. Course examines Homeland Security's history, legal foundation, national infrastructure and interface with criminal justice. Specific focus is given: intelligence and counterintelligence, weapons of mass destruction, cyber-crime, organized crime, domestic and border security, and immigration issues. Incident command and control systems, adopted in 2012 are discussed. Students completing the course satisfactorily may wish to obtain FEMA certificates. Prerequisite: CJ 201 or consent of Department.

CJ 450. White-Collar Crime. 3 Hours.

Categories of job offending are analyzed through criminological theory, law, and the criminal and regulatory justice systems, including corporate crime, professional crime, individual crime, and crime by state workers. Traditional and novel strategies for the social control of these offenses are also presented. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 480. Research Methods in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course is designed to introduce scientific research methodologies to current issues in criminal justice. Research designs, sampling populations (inmates, juvenile delinquents, and minorities) will be the primary focus. Additionally, students will be provided with hands-on experience in developing a research proposal which incorporates methods and analyses for their criminology study. Prerequisites: CJ 201 and CJ 330.

CJ 481. Data Analysis Strategies in Criminal Justice. 3 Hours.

This course examines fundamentals of descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of various types of data used within criminal justice. Specifically, this course explores the appropriate use of data, the limits of various methods, how data is collected and organized, and how to interpret and report findings from the statistical analysis. The students will be exposed to, at least, one of the most commonly used statistical analyses software and gain practical experience in carrying out essential statistical analyses through this software. Prerequisite: CJ 201.

CJ 491. Senior Seminar. 3 Hours.

Integration of program outcomes with application of knowledge, values, and skills necessary for field entry, value and ethical considerations, and the development and implementation of future career objectives. Provides application of core courses, provides students with current developments in key core areas. Prerequisites: CJ 201, criminal justice major, senior status and must have completed all CJ core courses.

CJ 494. Directed Criminal Justice Research. 1-8 Hour.

CJ 497. Field Experience. 1-6 Hour.

Students practicum in a criminal justice or related agency; course may be repeated in either the same or different agency; designed to enhance these experiences, supplementary readings and written assignments are required. Prerequisites: CJ 201 or consent of instructor; all core requirements must be completed before enrolling; may be repeated once for 3 credit hours.

CJ 499. Special Topics Criminal Justice. 1-8 Hour.

Specialized topics offered as regular classes; topics vary depending upon student and faculty interest. Prerequisite: CJ 201.


Criminal Justice Faculty

Maria Buchholz-Kerzmann, Ph.D
Assistant Professor

Hasan Buker, Ph.D
Associate Professor

Wojciech Cebulak, Ph.D

Gary Rabe, Ph.D

Melissa Spelchen
Assistant Professor

Michael Wardzinski